Sources and Resources
Story 1 dog –
- your class: 70% wrong 30% not wrong
- past classes: 75% wrong, 25% not wrong
Story 2 chicken –
- your class: 60% wrong 40% not wrong
- past classes: 70% wrong, 30% not wrong
Morality (from the Latin moralitas “manner, character, proper behavior”) is the differentiation of intentions, decisions, and actions between those that are good or right and those that are bad, evil or wrong. Morality can be a body of standards or principles derived from a code of conduct from a particular philosophy, religion, or culture, or it can derive from a standard that a person believes should be universal. Morality may also be specifically synonymous with “goodness” or “rightness.”
Wikipedia’s Road Kill Cuisine
Eating dog meat is a long-standing culinary tradition not just in China, but also Korea. Cat meat can be found on the menu in China, Vietnam and even parts of South America.
It’s ok to torture, kill, eat, and wear animals, but …
The act of humans having sex with dead animals appears to be incredibly rare. What’s more, the reason for engaging in such acts may not even be sexually motivated.
Huffington Post’s Erotic Zoos Prompt Germany To Reinstate Bestiality Laws
Our group at YourMorals.org: Eng 110 Fall 14
If you already have a yourmorals account, join this group by visiting this URL:
The Your Morals web is operated by Jonathan Haidt, the most prominent psychologist doing research in this topic, the same guy who wrote the dog and chicken stories. He wonders why people think that something that is disgusting is also immoral.
- Should morality be universal and agreed upon?
- Or should it be relative to each person and their social group, regardless of how widely it is shared?
- Is morality a matter of individual opinion based on unspoken assumptions that don’t have to be rational or defensible?
- Or is morality something more abstract and objective, true regardless of whether we agree with it or not?
The chart below is helpful because it breaks morality into five components. Haidt has recently added a sixth component, Liberty/Oppression.
- Care/harm for others, protecting them from harm.
- Fairness/cheating, Justice, treating others in proportion to their actions.
- Liberty/oppression, characterizes judgments in terms of whether subjects are tyrannized.
- Loyalty/betrayal to your group, family, nation. Ingroup vs outgroup.
- Authority/subversion, respect or disrespect for tradition and legitimate authority.
- Sanctity/degradation, avoiding disgusting things, foods, actions. Degree of purity.