browser icon
You are using an insecure version of your web browser. Please update your browser!
Using an outdated browser makes your computer unsafe. For a safer, faster, more enjoyable user experience, please update your browser today or try a newer browser.

Works Cited

At the end of your essay or report, the Works Cited section gives the details that wouldn’t fit neatly into the text. The trick here is to carefully and meticulously follow the directions. At Medaille, you will use either MLA, the standards developed by the Modern Language Association or APA, the standards developed by the American Psychological Association. The differences between them are minor.

In Eng 110, we are using MLA. You will find many sources for the MLA works cited format online.

Recommended: Purdue OWL’s Works Cited Page

The textbook for this course, Diana Hacker’s Rules for Writers, has the same information. If seeing it in that more traditional format works better for you, here are .pdf’s of the relevant pages:

MLA citations part  1

MLA citations part 2

If you have a source that doesn’t fit any of the dozens of patterns list at OWL or in Hacker, let me take a look at it and help you decide what to do.

Most people who do a lot of this sort of thing use software such as Endnote. If you go to graduate school, you’ll use something like Endnote. Why not start n0w?

How do you find something in these books?

How do you find something in these books?

You use a web site such as EasyBib or Bibme at your peril. If you already know the citation formats, those web sites can save you a little time. However, if you expect them to do it for you, then you will find out something you already know about computers: garbage in, garbage out. If other words, the scripts those web sites use are only as good as the information they are given. If you type in the wrong stuff the wrong way, you’ll get an incorrect citation in return. And if you can’t tell the difference, you’ll end up doing yourself more harm than good. EasyBib is so high school, so amateurish! If you use EasyBib more than once or twice a semester, you’re doing yourself a favor by switching to something more sophisticated and reliable like Endnote. It’s harder in the short run but much easier in the long run.

Free online version of Endnote. Highly recommended!

Citation machine

MLA citations assignment

Please create a works cited or bibliography page using Endnote. Please sign up for a free account at MyEndnoteWeb.

To add a new reference, pull down the Collect menu and select New Reference.

When you have added all the references, pull down the Format menu and select Bibliography. Select All References. Select the MLA bibliographic style. For file format, select TXT.

When searching, use search terms relevant to a platform position paper that you are researching, writing, or revising.

Your Works Cited page should have at least eight entries, arranged alphabetically. You are welcome to find more for this assignment, and you should find more for your three position papers. Remember, these citations are not meant to burden you. They are meant to help the reader learn more.

Endnote and Word can work together while you’re drafting and revising an essay.

For this assignment, use a word processor (.doc file) to create the Works Cited page from the text file given to you by Endnote. At the top, put Works Cited, centered. Single-space each entry. Skip a line between each entry. Attach the .doc file to an email to me.

To clarify: for this assignment, you are making the kind of Works Cited page that other professors will expect. You should make a Works Cited page for each of your three position papers.

I will copy and paste these Works Cited onto your party’s page and label it Learn More. What’s the difference between Works Cited on a printed page and Learn More on a web page? No much. Same content, same purpose, different name. Feel free to include in the Works Cited or accompanying email some additional text explaining the relevance of each source to your party’s platform. This additional text is called annotation. I will put the annotations on your party’s page, too.

The Future

Links. For example, Paul Krugman’s op-eds in the New York Times are full of links to his sources. For links, you don’t need a bibliographic citation. You need a URL. Or a URI (Uniform Resource Indicator) to be technical about it.

You need Linked Data. Tim Berners-Lee on Linked Data. The well-formed, machine-ready, standards-compliant bibliographic citation is obsolete.

What I do on Lens on Leeuwenhoek: Hooke on “The Fate of Micrcoscopes”

Problems cannot be solved by the same paradigms that created them.
— Albert Einstein